WHO OR WHOM RULES, WITH RHYMING REASON


In English language, one’s inclined to view with deepest gloom
The choice that often comes to light of using ‘who’ or ‘whom’,
And though the use of ‘whom’ in modern days is fading fast,
One really should know rules which were established in the past:
‘Whom’ is the word which should be used whenever the condition
Is that it forms the object of a simple preposition;
Thus after ‘to’, ‘for’, ‘under’, ‘of’, and ‘over’ and ‘before’ –
Or all the words quite similar, of which there are a score,
‘Whom’ must be chosen as the one with which they would belong;
‘To who it may concern’ is thus indubitably wrong!

 The other rule with which the English scholar must contend
Is, when ‘who’ is the subject, then no ‘m’ goes on the end;
But when objective case it takes – what action is done to –
Then, strictly speaking, ‘whom’ is used in preference to ‘who’;
Thus, ‘Who did it?’ is quite correct, for it was done by ‘he’,
But, ‘Whom did you say did it?’ – it was done by ‘him’, you see!
For, rearrange that sentence as ‘You say ‘twas done by …?’  ‘Him!’
To put a ‘he’ there only would be done on strangest whim!
So when a ‘he’ fits naturally, then ‘who’ is word of choice ;
But, if it’s ‘him’, then don’t be dim; in ‘whom’ we will rejoice!

 © September 2010 Colonialist (Letterdash/WordPress)
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About colonialist

Active septic geranium who plays with words writing fantasy novels and professionally editing, with notes writing classical music, and with riding a mountain bike, horses and dinghies. Recently Indie Publishing has been added to this list.
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4 Responses to WHO OR WHOM RULES, WITH RHYMING REASON

  1. Jingle says:

    http://jinglepoetry.blogspot.com/2010/10/poetry-potluck-natures-elements-air.html
    how is everything, friend?
    It is Monday again, I sincerely invite you to join us for a Monday Poetry Potluck party, bring in 1 to 3 poem treats to share!
    You will have 60 hours enjoying the fun.
    Hurry up, the more you share, the happier we are.
    Hope to see you in our party….Last time to link in is Wednesday, 8am!

    Like

  2. adeeyoyo says:

    ok, what’s next…?

    Like

  3. cindy says:

    Very nice lesson.

    ps: Young English lass, you will love her writing:
    http://kateshrewsday.wordpress.com/

    Like

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